• Michael F. Centino The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas and Associate Professor, College of Accountancy and Business Administration, San Carlos College Mabini St., San Carlos City, Pangasinan, Philippines 2420
  • Mary Caroline N. Castaῆo The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas
  • Jenny Beb F. Ebo Cavite State University
Keywords: Global Competitiveness, Global Value Chain, Gravity Model, Philippine Mango, Panel Regression.


The competitive edge of the Philippines in the global market has been recorded in the trading history. Its contribution to the economy is notable; however trading is limited to fresh mangoes. Likewise, the continuous decrease of area planted to mangoes contributed to its bounded participation in global value chain. Meanwhile, some countries in Southeast Asia emerged in the industry and further threatened the entrance of Philippine mango in the foreign market. This situation will be altered by strengthening the country’s global competitiveness, gross domestic product and implementing policies on remoteness of the country as the result of integrating gravity model using the fixed effect panel regression.


Download data is not yet available.


Bems, R., & Johnson, R. .2012. Value-Added Exchange Rates. NBER,Cambridge, MA.
Briones, R. M., Turingan P.S & Rakotoarisoa, M.A. (2013). Market Structure and Distribution of Benefits from Agricultural Exports : The Case of the Philippine Mango Industry Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Chen, K. (2016). Innovations in Financing of Agri-Food Value Chains in China and India: Lessons and Policies for Inclusive Financing.
Chen and da Silva (2005). Changes in Food Retailing in Asia Implications of Supermarket Procurement Practices for Farmers and Traditional Marketing Systems; FAO, Rome.
Chen, X., L. Cheng, K.C. Fung, and L. Lau. 2004. The Estimation of Domestic Value-Added and Employment Induced by Exports: An Application to Chinese Exports to the United Tates. In China and Asia: Economic and Financial Interactions, edited by Y.W. Cheung and K.Y. Wong. New York: Routledge.
Daudin, G.,C Rifflart and D. Schweisguth. 2006. Who Produces for Whom in the World Economy”? Document de travail No. 2009-18 Observatoire Francai des Conjonctures Economiques, Paris.
Diakantoni, A., H. Escaith, M. Roberts and T. Verbeet.2017. Accumulating Trade Costs and Competitiveness in Global Value Chains. World Trade Organization (WTO) Working Paper Economic Research and Statistics Division (ERSD) 20017-2, WTO, Geneva.
Gujarati, D. (2011). Econometrics by Example. United States of America: Mcmillan Publisher Limited.
Guilhoto, J. Siroen, J.M & Yucer, A., (2015). The Gravity Model, Global Value Chain and the Brazilian States. Documents de Travail UMR DIAL.
Head, K. (2003). Gravity for Beginners. Mimeo University of british Coulumbia Vancouver, B.C.
Hummels, D.,J.Ishii, and K.M. Yi.2001. The Nature and Growrh of Verical Specialization in World Trade. Journal of International Economics 54 (1):75-96.
Koopman, R., Z. Wang and S. Wei and K.Zhu. 2016. Tracing Value-Added and Double Counting in Gross Export: Reply to the Comment by Bart Los, Marcel Timmer and Caaitzen J. de Vries. Draft Manuscript.
Kusnandar, T. (2014). Effectiveness of a “whole chain” approach in linking farmers to market: A case of Pakistan mango market. UMK Procedia 1 ( 2014 ) 57 – 62
Lemenge, F., & Tripathi, S.K. (2011). Critical Issues in Realising Best-Value through Strategically Aligned Supply Chains: A Study of Selected Manufacturing Companies in Tanzania. Management Convergence Vol.1 No.2, 32-44.
Mutonyi S. & Beukel. K. (2016). Price Satisfaction and Producer Loyalty: The Role Of Mediators In Business To Business Relationships In Kenyan Mango Supply Chain. British Food Journal (2016), Vol. 118 Issue: 5, pp.1067-1084
Porter, M.E. 1985. Competitive Advantage, Creating and Sustaining Superior Perfromance. New York: Free Press.
PSA. (2007-2014). Firm-Level Trade Data. Manila: Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA)
UNComtrade . (2016). World Mango Exports by All Reporters and Partners, 2005-2015. Retrieved October 22,2018, from United Nations Statistics Division.
Wang,J., Huili,Y. & Goh, M. (2017) Empirical study of sustainable food supply chain management practices in China. British Food Journal (2017),
WTO (World Trade Organization) and IDE-JETRO (Institute of Developing Economies-Japan External Trade Organization) 2011. Trade Patterns and Global Value Chains in East Asia: From trade in Goods to Trade in Tasks. Geneva: WTO.
How to Cite
Centino, M. F., N. CastaῆoM. C., & F. Ebo, J. B. (2020). THE PHILIPPINE MANGO GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS: A VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS USING GRAVITY MODEL. Journal of Research in Business, Economics and Management, 14(2), 2628-2637. Retrieved from