IMPACT OF YOUTH PARTICIPATION ON ATTAINMENT OF AGENDA 2063 AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGs) 2030 IN NIGERIA
This paper examines the extent to which effective and constructive involvement of Youth in development processes can enhance the attainment of Agenda 2063 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2030 in Nigeria. The paper adopts Gabriel Almond’s structural-functionalism as a framework of analysis. Using majorly documentary sources of data the paper contends that given their energy, youth constitute a critical stakeholder in African development agenda. They serve as object and subject of political socialization, aggregation and articulation; complement and supplement the effort of government in rural development by undertaking self-help projects; protect the environment etc. The paper identifies bad governance, poverty, unemployment, lack of access to data and information on issues that affect Youth, armed conflicts, girl child discrimination, etc as hindrances to effective and constructive Youth participation in development processes in Africa, especially Nigeria. The paper concludes that attainment of Agenda 2063 and SDGs 2030in Nigeria depends essentially on the extent to which deliberate policy initiatives are not evolved by government to eliminate the factors that prevent youth from participating meaningfully in decision making and implementation especially on matters that affect them. The paper recommends good governance, increased girl child education, provision of social and economic infrastructure to enable youth practice the skills acquired through vocational skill training, increased access to data and information on issues that affect youth etc, as measures that can enhance youth participation and the attainment of Agenda 2063and SDGs 2030.
Adeboye, B.A. (2018); Nigeria Overtake India in Extreme Poverty Ranking’’. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/06/26/africa. Retrieved on 15/07/2017.
African Development Bank (AFDB) (2013); Annual Report. https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/Annual
Afonja, S. and Pearce, T. (1994); Social Change in Nigeria. Ibadan. Longman.
African Union (2013); ‘’Agenda 2063’’. 50th Anniversary Solemn Declaration. https://agenda2063.au.int
Holmes, R. and Akinrimisi, B. (2011); Social Protection in Nigeria: Mapping Programmes and their Effectiveness. ODI/UNICEF Nigeria.
Baje, A.0. (2018); ‘’Nigeria’s Worrisome Poverty Level’’. https://www.sonnewsline.com
Burkey, S. (1993); People First: A guide to self-reliant Participatory Development. London. ZEDBooks.
Campbell, J. (2017); ‘’The National Youth Service Corps: A Bridge to Nationalism in Nigeria. https://www.cfr.org/blog/national-youth-service-corps-bridge-nationalism-nigeria
Cameroon, J. (1993); The GATT and the Environment; in Olewe, B.N. (1995); Development Administration. Aba. Grace Books.
Central Intelligence World Factbook, 2015. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/download/download-2015/index.html
Enegwea, (1993); ‘’Moral Education as a Tool for National Integration In Nigeria. https://www.academia.edu/12840816.
Edwoge, R. (2018); ‘’Nigeria Overtakes India in World’s Extreme Poverty Ranking’’. https://www.channelstv.com/2018/25.
Haralambos, M. (2001); Sociology: Themes and Perspectives. New Delhi. Oxford University Press.
Holmes, R. and Akinrimisi, B (2012); ‘’Potential for Cash Transfer in Nigeria’’. https://www.unicef.org/nigeria
International Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) (2015); Global Estimates of People Displaced by Disaster. Geneva.
ILO (2010); Providing Coverage in Times of Crisis and Beyond’’. World Social Security Report. Geneva.
ILO (2015); Global Employment Trends for Youth. Geneva.
Mokwena, S. (2003); Youth Participation: Taking the Idea to the Next Level. A Challenge to the Youth Ministers. Common Wealth Youth and Development Journal. Vol. 1, No. 2 (87-107).
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) (2011); Unemployment Estimate.
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) (2017); ‘’Nigeria’s Population now 193.3 million. https://www.thenationonline.ng
National Youth Policy (2001). https://www.youthpolicy.org/factsheets/country/nigeria
Olewe, B.N. (1995); Development Administration. Aba. Grace Books.
Olumide, S. (2018); ‘’ Mixed Reactions Trail ‘Not Too Young’ To Run Law’. The Guardian. 2nd June. https://www.guardian.ng/news
Onuoba, I. (2015); ‘’ Anchor Borrowers’ Scheme: CBN disburses 55 billion to Farmers’’. Punch Newspaper. February, 15.
Onuoha, F.C.(2008); Youth Unemployment and Poverty: Connections for National Development in Nigeria. A Paper Presented at the International Conference on Youth and National Development, Mamabayya House, Kano. August 5th to 6th, 2008.
Proshare, (2017); ‘’CBN Publishes Anchor Borrowers’ Programme Guidelines’’. https://www.proshareng.com/news/Agriculture/CBN-Publishes-Anchor-Borrowers--Programme-Guidelines/33396
Premium Times (2018); ‘’Nigerian President Signs ‘Not Too Young’ To Run’’ Bill into Law. 31st May, 20018. https://allafrica.com/view/group/main/id/0061433.html
Salami, C.G.E. (2013); ‘’Youth Unemployment in Nigeria: A Time for Creative Intervention’’. International Journal of Business and Marketing Management. www.resjournals.org/IJBMM. Vol. 1,
Social Development Direct, 2009. http://www.sddirect.org.uk/our-work/reports-publications/
The Pan-African Youth and the Charter (2016); https://au.int/sites/default/files/treaties/7789-treaty-0033_african_youth_charter_e.pdf
The Guardian (2017); ‘’School Feeding Programme: Hobbled by Litany of Constraints in Pilot States’’. 4th June.
The Nation (2016); ‘’Federal Government to Start School Feeding Programme with 5.5 million Pupils’’. July 28, 2016.
Thisday (2014); ‘’Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria’’. Thisday Newspaper. March 16.
Udoh, N.A.; Eme, U.J. and Amajuoyi, I.J. (2014); ‘’Graduate Overschooling: Measurement Issues Nigerian Situation. http://www.hrpub.org/journals/article_info.php?aid=1313
Uhunmwuangho, S.O. and Ogbator, E. (2013); ‘’Youth in Political Participation and Development: Relevance, Challenges and Expectation in the 21st Century’’. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. Vol. 15, No. 4(242-253).
Ukwu, J. (2017); ‘’Nigeria’s Population is now 193.3 million’’. https://www.naija.ng/1080172
UNICEF (2009); Machel Study 10-year Strategic Review: Children and Armed Conflict’’. New York. https://www.unicef.org/publications/index_49985.html
United Nations (2015); ‘’Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’’. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/21252030%20Agenda%20for%20Sustainable%20Development%20web.pdf
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) (2013); ‘’ Global Study on Homicide’’. Vienna. https://www.unodc.org/documents/dataandanalysis/statistics/GSH2013/2014.
Vambe, J.T. (2012); ‘’NDE and Implementation of Open Apprenticeship Scheme in Benue State’’. Ph.D Thesis submitted to Postgraduate School, University of Abuja, Nigeria.
Vambe, J.T. (2016); Youth Participation and National Development in Nigeria. Ilimi Journal of Arts and Social Sciences. Vol.2. No.1 (164-177).
Vanguard (2014); ‘’Nigeria Third on Poverty Index–World Bank’’. Vanguard Newspaper, April 11. https://www.vanguardngr.com/2014/04/440695/
Vanguard (2016); ‘’Women and the Struggle for Gender Parity’’. Vanguard Newspaper, March 16. https://www.vanguardngr.com/2016/page/2600/
Vanguard (2018); ‘’Nigeria’s Deepening Poverty Misery’’. Vanguard News Paper. July, 2.
Varma,S.P. (2003); Modern Political Theory. New Delhi. Vikas Publishing House, PUT Ltd.
William-West, D. (2007); Youth Development and Empowerment: Have we given up? People’s Stewards, Vol.1, No. 1 (3-4).
Wikipedia (2018); ‘’Chibok Schoolgirls Kidnapping’’. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki
Wikipedia (2018); ‘’Dapchi Schoolgirls Kidnapping’’. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki
World Bank (1991) ‘’Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development Building on Brundtland’. Commission on Environment. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/332821467989482335
World Bank (2000); ‘’Making Sustainable Commitments: An Environment Strategy for the World Bank. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/ENVIRONMENT/Resources/244380-1250028593656
World Bank (2007); ‘’World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation’’. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5989
Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Progressive Research in Social Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
TRANSFER OF COPYRIGHT
JPRSS is pleased to undertake the publication of your contribution to Journal of Progressive Research in Social Sciences.
The copyright to this article is transferred to JPRSS(including without limitation, the right to publish the work in whole or in part in any and all forms of media, now or hereafter known) effective if and when the article is accepted for publication thus granting JPRSS all rights for the work so that both parties may be protected from the consequences of unauthorized use.
The copyright transfer covers the exclusive right to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, translations, photographic reproductions, microform, electronic form (offline, online) or any other reproductions of similar nature.
The author’s warrant that their contribution is an original work not published elsewhere, that they have the full power to make this grant and that the article contains no matter unlawful or which invades the right to privacy or infringes any proprietary right.
This Form must be signed by the lead author or, in the case of a "work made for hire," by the employer and must be received by JPRSS before processing of the manuscript for publication can be completed.
Authors should understand that consistent with JPRSS's policy of encouraging dissemination of information, each work published by JPRSS appears with the JPRSS copyright and the following notice:
"Intellectual properties and scientific inventions published with JPRSS are protected under International and Federal Copyright Laws and Treaties. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than JPRSS must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee."
However, it is at the discretion of JPRSS if the copyright notice should be included in the published manuscript.
The JPRSS copyright arrangements allow Cornell University Library non-exclusive and irrevocable license to distribute or certify that the work is available under JPRSS license that conveys these rights.