Surrounding principle applied to Yang-Mills theory: introduction

  • Frederic Lassiaille FL Research Saint-Mandrier-sur-Mer, France
Keywords: Quantum mechanics, quantum chromodynamics, yang-mills, confinement, mass gap.


The method here is to use the principles of the Gravitational Model of the Three Elements Theory (GMTET) in the context of particle physics. The GMTET equations are simplified, following the simplifying principle used for Surrounding Matter Theory (SMT) which is handling only gravitation. But applying this simplifying principle to the 3 remaining forces yield a set of 3 equations. Like in SMT, they are also modified by inserting an undimensional correcting factor involving matter density located at the location where the forces are exerted. For Electroweak force and Electromagnetism the modification implies the intra-atomic scale. For the strong force the derived interaction law is not restricted in scale and yield a confinement. Another result is the simple cancellation of the color of the attracting particle, in the modified equation of the attracting force. In vacuum this shows the apparition of a mass gap in the interacting spectrum. Compliance of the model with other parts of physics, noticeably particle physics experimental results, remains to be checked. But compliance with relativity is achieved. Moreover this modification is compliant with an extension of relativity which is in accordance with Mach’s principle, and avoidance of singularities.


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F. Lassiaille, "Surrounding Matter Theory", Draft version Proceedings of the International Conference Cosmology on Small Scales 2018: Dark Matter Problem and

Selected Controversies in Cosmology. Prague, September 26–29, 2018.

A. Jaffe and E. Witten, “Quantum Yang-Mills Theory”, Clay Math Institute.

F. Lassiaille, "Gravitational Model of the Three Elements Theory", International Journal of Modern Physics E, Vol. 20, 2011. doi: 10.1142/S0218301311040633.

How to Cite
Lassiaille, F. (2018). Surrounding principle applied to Yang-Mills theory: introduction. Boson Journal of Modern Physics, 4(2), 426-434. Retrieved from